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mikrotik hotspot Introduction to MikroTik Wi-Fi Hotspot Part 1
Focuslinks posted a blog entry in WISP TutorialsIntroduction to MikroTik Wi-Fi Hotspot Introduction: Before we dive into how to set up a public WiFi Hotspot and related features, let’s define what we mean. While some people use the terms Hotspot” and “Mobile Hotspot” interchangeably, they have distinct meanings. WiFi Hotspot: A WiFi hotspot is a physical location where people can access the Internet, typically using WiFi, via a wireless local area network (WLAN) with a router connected to an Internet service provider. Most people refer to these locations as “WiFi Hotspots Location” or “WiFi connections.” Simply put, Hotspots are the physical places where users can wirelessly connect their mobile devices, such as smartphones, tablets, and even PC to the Internet. A WiFi Hotspot can be in a private location or a public one, such as in a coffee shop, a hotel, an airport, or even an airplane. While many public hotspots offer free wireless access on an open network, others require payment. Later in the article, you’ll learn how to connect a mobile device to a WiFi hotspot. Mobile Hotspot: A mobile hotspot (sometimes called a portable hotspot) is a hotspot that’s just that—mobile! While a “regular” Wi-Fi hotspot is tied to a physical location, you can create a mobile hotspot by using your smartphone’s data connection to connect your laptop to the Internet. This process is called “tethering.” More on this process later. You should also know these terms when you’re talking about Wi-Fi hotspots. Access Points (wireless access point): A wireless access point (WAP) is a networking device that allows a WiFi-compliant device to connect to a wired network. The WAP can either be physically connected to a router or be integrated into the router itself. A WAP is not a hotspot, which is the physical location where Wi-Fi access to a WLAN is available. Wi-Fi: Wi-Fi is the technology that allows your smartphone or computer to access the Internet through a wireless connection. It uses radio signals to send and receive data between your enabled device and the WAP. SSID: A service set identifier (more commonly known as an SSID) is the unique name of a wireless network. You’ll need to know the name of the wireless network to connect to it. Your computer or smartphone can search for available wireless networks; often people name their network for easy identification—anything from “Bob’s phone” to “hotel guests” to “Get off my LAN.” Now that you understand some of the terms associated with hotspots, let’s learn how to connect to them. How to Connect to a Wi-Fi Hotspot: You probably connect your smartphone or laptop to the Internet via several WiFi Hotspots throughout your day, whether you’re at your office, in your home, or at public locations like coffee shops and airports. Using Hotspots is an easy way to keep connected to your busy life. Connecting to a wireless hotspot is a simple process. Let’s use your smartphone as an example. You want to answer an email at the airport while you’re waiting for your flight, and you don’t want to use your data. You can set your smartphone to notify you when it’s in range of a wireless network, or you can find wireless networks through your phone’s settings. The steps you need to follow to connect to the Wi-Fi hotspot will depend on the device—Android*, iPhone*, or another brand—but here is an overview. Click the wireless icon on your device to see the names of nearby wireless networks. Select a wireless network; in some cases, you might also have to click “Connect.” Enter the security key or the password. Most wireless networks are secured and require a password to accept a connection. Some networks are unsecured or open and do not require a password; you should take care when accessing them as they could introduce a security risk. Select the network type (home, work, or public, if you are on a Windows* device). Choosing the network type will establish a security level appropriate for your location. If you select “home” or “work,” your device will be discoverable to other devices. Be sure to select “public” if you are in a public location like a coffee shop, hotel, restaurant, airport, and other similar locations. Hurray! You’ll be online in a flash. Depending on where you are and the types of hotspots near you, you may be on either an open, unsecured wireless network or a paid/commercial wireless network. You may be asked to sign up for an account or use a paid service like AlwaysON* or iPass*, which offer various WiFi access plans depending on how much time you plan to use the Internet. Let’s say, though, that you can’t find a Wi-Fi hotspot nearby. Read on to learn how you can use your smartphone as a portable hotspot. Using Your Smartphone as a Mobile Hotspot: If you’re in a location that doesn’t have a hotspot and you want to connect your laptop to the Internet, you can use your phone as a mobile WiFi Hotspot through a process called “tethering.” This allows your laptop to access the Internet and share your smartphone’s data connection. While the set-up steps vary depending on your smartphone and your Internet service provider, you can usually find the instructions in your phone’s Settings or Manage Connections menu. For security, you’ll want to make sure that you use a Wi-Fi password so those nearby Internet users can’t access your phone or laptop. Also, be aware that tethering your laptop to your phone will use your phone’s data allowance; so be sure to keep an eye on your usage to avoid any overage fees. Now that you’re connected, that’s it, right? Well, not exactly. You should be aware that while using WiFi Hotspots is a convenient way to stay connected with work, family, and friends. Hotspot connectivity also presents some security risks. Hotspot Security: One of the risks of being connected to the Internet is that the very technologies that help us keep up with our work and personal lives can be vulnerable to hackers and identity thieves. When looking for a public Wi-Fi Hotspot, be sure to connect your smartphone or laptop only to reputable providers—for example, the hotels, coffee shop’s wireless network, or reliable wifi hotspot service providers. Be wary about connecting to hotspots that have misspellings such as Alwaysonn instead of AlwaysON, as hackers sometimes use these seemingly innocent names to lure busy users who aren’t paying close attention. It’s also possible for hackers to distribute malware (software that can damage or disable your computer) through an unsecured Wi-Fi connection, especially if you are using a file-sharing program over the same network. But in these tutorials, we'll guide you on how you can secure your public WiFi Hotspot from hackers not use your hotspot as an avenue to distribute viruses or malware. Virtual Private Network (VPN): If you have security concerns about using a public Wi-Fi hotspot, you could consider creating a virtual private network (VPN), which allows you to use the Internet through an encrypted connection. While this can deter hackers because your data is encrypted, be aware that it will slow down your Internet access because of the processing power required to encrypt and decrypt your transmitted data. Find a VPN Solution that Works: If you’re interested in using a VPN to safeguard yourself online: Invest in a monthly service. This is one of the most commonly used solutions. Make sure to do your research before you buy. Consider purchasing a VPN-enabled router. There are several models on the market that make setting up your VPN easy. With more than 9 billion Wi-Fi-enabled mobile devices expected to be in use by the end of the year, the importance of hotspots and Wi-Fi in our lives really can’t be overstated.
mikrotik hotspot Introduction to MikroTik Wi-Fi Hotspot Part 2
Focuslinks posted a blog entry in WISP TutorialsPreviously we discussed an introduction to Wi-Fi Hotspot, but today we will talk about MikroTik Hotspot. What is MikroTik Wi-Fi Hotspot: Mikrotik HotSpot is a way to authorize users to access some network resources but does not provide traffic encryption. To log in, users may use almost any web browser (either HTTP or HTTPS protocol), so they are not required to install additional software. The gateway is accounting for the uptime and amount of traffic each client has used, and also can send this information to a RADIUS server. The HotSpot system may limit each particular user's bitrate, the total amount of traffic, uptime and some other parameters mentioned further in this document. The HotSpot system is targeted at providing authentication within a local network (for local network users to access the Internet), but may as well be used to authorize access from outer networks to access local resources (like an authentication gateway for the outside world to access your network). It is possible to allow users to access some web pages without authentication using the Walled Garden feature. The MikroTik HotSpot Gateway provides authentication for clients before accessing public networks. MikroTik HotSpot features: MikroTik Router has lots of features that time doesn't allow us to discuss here, but I will mention a few here. Captive Portal: We can define a captive portal as a splash screen presented by a Wi-Fi hotspot for users in order to handle their authentication and authorization. Authentication: There are different authentication methods for clients using a local client database on the router or remote RADIUS server; user account in the local database on the router or remote RADIUS server. The walled-garden system: the walled-garden system is used to access some web pages without authorization. Login page modification: Where you can add information about the company and other relevant pieces of information on how to access the Hotspot system, status pages, etc; IP Address Assignment: Automatically and transparently change any IP address of a client to a valid address; starting from v6.48 HotSpot can inform DHCP clients that they are behind a captive portal (RFC7710); Hotspot can only work reliably when IPv4 is used. Hotspot relies on Firewall NAT rules, which are currently not supported for IPv6. MikroTik HotSpot is a way to authorize users to access some network resources but does not provide traffic encryption. To log in, users may use almost any web browser (either HTTP or HTTPS protocol), so they are not required to install additional software. The gateway is accounting for the uptime and amount of traffic each client has used, and also can send this information to a RADIUS server. The HotSpot system may limit each particular user's bitrate, the total amount of traffic, uptime and some other parameters mentioned further in this document. The HotSpot system is targeted at providing authentication within a local network (for local network users to access the internet), but may as well be used to authorize access from external networks to access local resources (like an authentication gateway for the outside world to access your network). It is possible to allow users to access some web pages without authentication using the Walled Garden feature. To learn more about MikroTik Hotspot, click Here.